zzip/mmapped &

zip access for mmapped views
These routines are fully independent from the traditional zzip implementation. They assume a readonly mmapped sharedmem block representing a complete zip file. The functions show how to parse the structure, find files and return a decoded bytestream.

zzip disk handle

Other than with the fseeko alternative interface there is no need to have an actual disk handle to the zip archive. Instead you can use a bytewise copy of a file or even use a mmapped view of a file. This is generally the fastest way to get to the data contained in a zipped file. All it requires is enough of virtual memory space but a desktop computer with a a modern operating system will easily take care of that.

The zzipmmapped library provides a number of calls to create a disk handle representing a zip archive in virtual memory. Per default we use the sys/mmap.h (or MappedView) functionality of the operating system. The zzip_disk_open will open a system file descriptor and try to zzip_disk_mmap the complete zip content. When finished with the zip archive call zzip_disk_close to release the mapped view and all management data.

  ZZIP_DISK*  zzip_disk_open(char* filename);
  int         zzip_disk_close(ZZIP_DISK* disk);

  ZZIP_DISK*  zzip_disk_new(void);
  ZZIP_DISK*  zzip_disk_mmap(int fd);
  int         zzip_disk_munmap(ZZIP_DISK* disk);
  int         zzip_disk_init(ZZIP_DISK* disk, 
                            char* buffer, zzip_size_t buflen);

reading the central directory

To get access to a zipped file, you need a pointer to an entry in the mmapped zip disk known under the type ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY. This is again modelled after the DIR_ENTRY type in being a representation of a file name inside the zip central directory. To get an initial zzip disk entry pointer, use zzip_disk_findfirst, to move the pointer to the next entry use zzip_disk_findnext.

   extern ZZIP_ENTRY* zzip_disk_findfirst(FILE* disk);
   extern ZZIP_ENTRY* zzip_disk_findnext(ZZIP_ENTRY*  entry);

These two calls will allow to walk all zip archive members in the order listed in the zip central directory. To actually implement a directory lister ("zzipdir"), you need to get the name string of the zzip entry. This is not just a pointer: the zzip disk entry is not null terminated actually. Therefore we have a helper function that will strdup the entry name as a normal C string:

  #include <zzip/mmapped.h>
  void _zzip_dir(char* filename)
  {
      ZZIP_DISK* disk = zzip_disk_open (filename);
      if (! disk) return disk;
      for (ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY* entry = zzip_disk_findfirst (disk);
           entry ; entry = zzip_disk_findnext (entry)) {
          char* name = zzip_disk_entry_strdup_name (entry);
          puts (name); free (name);
      }
  }

find a zipped file

The central directory walk can be used to find any file in the zip archive. The zzipfseeko library however provides two convenience functions that allow to jump directly to the zip disk entry of a given name or pattern. You are free to use the returned ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY pointer for later calls that type. There is no need to free this pointer as it is really a pointer into the mmapped area of the ZZIP_DISK. But do not forget to free that one via zzip_disk_close.

  ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY* zzip_disk_findfile(ZZIP_DISK* disk, char* filename, 
                                      ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY* after, 
                                      zzip_strcmp_fn_t compare);

  ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY* zzip_disk_findmatch(ZZIP_DISK* disk, char* filespec, 
                                       ZZIP_ENTRY* after,
                                       zzip_fnmatch_fn_t compare, int flags);

In general only the first two arguments are non-null pointing to the zip disk handle and the file name to look for. The "after" argument is an old value and allows you to walk the zip directory similar to zzip_disk_entry_findnext but actually leaping forward. The compare function can be used for alternate match behavior: the default of strcmp might be changed to strncmp for a caseless match. The "flags" of the second call are forwarded to the posix fnmatch which we use as the default function.

If you do know a specific zzipped filename then you can just use zzip_disk_entry_findfile and supply the return value to zzip_disk_entry_fopen. There is a convenience function zzip_disk_fopen that will do just that and therefore only requires a disk handle and a filename to find-n-open.

  #include <zzip/mmapped.h>

  int _zzip_read(ZZIP_DISK* disk, char* filename, void* buffer, int bytes)
  {
      ZZIP_DISK_FILE* file = zzip_disk_fopen (disk, filename);
      if (! file) return -1;
      int bytes = zzip_disk_fread (buffer, 1, bytes, file);
      zzip_disk_fclose (file);
      return bytes;
  }

reading bytes

The example has shown already how to read some bytes off the head of a zipped file. In general the zzipmmapped api is used to replace a few system file routines that access a file. For that purpose we provide three functions that look very similar to the stdio functions of fopen(), fread() and fclose(). These work on an active file descriptor of type ZZIP_DISK_FILE.

   ZZIP_DISK_FILE* zzip_disk_entry_fopen  (ZZIP_DISK* disk, 
                                           ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY* entry);
   ZZIP_DISK_FILE* zzip_disk_fopen  (ZZIP_DISK* disk, char* filename);
   zzip_size_t     zzip_disk_fread  (void* ptr, 
                                     zzip_size_t sized, zzip_size_t nmemb,
                                     ZZIP_DISK_FILE* file);
   int             zzip_disk_fclose (ZZIP_DISK_FILE* file);
   int             zzip_disk_feof   (ZZIP_DISK_FILE* file);

In all of the examples you need to remember that you provide a single ZZIP_DISK descriptor for a memory block which is in reality a virtual filesystem on its own. Per default filenames are matched case sensitive also on win32 systems. The findnext function will walk all files on the zip virtual filesystem table and return a name entry with the full pathname, i.e. including any directory names to the root of the zip disk FILE.

ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY inspection

The ZZIP_DISK_FILE is a special file descriptor handle of the zzipmmapped library - but the ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY is not so special. It is actually a pointer directly into the zip central directory managed by ZZIP_DISK. While zzip/mmapped.h will not reveal the structure on its own, you can include zzip/format.h to get access to the actual structure content of a ZZIP_DISK_ENTRY by its definition
    struct zzip_disk_entry.

In reality however it is not a good idea to actually read the bytes in the zzip_disk_entry structure unless you seriously know the internals of a zip archive entry. That includes any byteswapping needed on bigendian platforms. Instead you want to take advantage of helper macros defined in zzip/fetch.h. These will take care to convert any struct data member to the host native format.

extern uint16_t    zzip_disk_entry_get_flags( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern uint16_t    zzip_disk_entry_get_compr( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern uint32_t    zzip_disk_entry_get_crc32( zzip_disk_entry* entry);

extern zzip_size_t zzip_disk_entry_csize( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern zzip_size_t zzip_disk_entry_usize( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern zzip_size_t zzip_disk_entry_namlen( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern zzip_size_t zzip_disk_entry_extras( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern zzip_size_t zzip_disk_entry_comment( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern int         zzip_disk_entry_diskstart( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern int         zzip_disk_entry_filetype( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern int         zzip_disk_entry_filemode( zzip_disk_entry* entry);

extern zzip_off_t  zzip_disk_entry_fileoffset( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern zzip_size_t zzip_disk_entry_sizeof_tail( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern zzip_size_t zzip_disk_entry_sizeto_end( zzip_disk_entry* entry);
extern char*       zzip_disk_entry_skipto_end( zzip_disk_entry* entry);

Additionally the zzipmmapped library has two additional functions that can convert a mmapped disk entry to (a) the local file header of a compressed file and (b) the start of the data area of the compressed file. These are used internally upon opening of a disk entry but they may be useful too for direct inspection of the zip data area in special applications.

  char*  zzip_disk_entry_to_data(ZZIP_DISK* disk, 
                                 struct zzip_disk_entry* entry);
  struct zzip_file_header*  
         zzip_disk_entry_to_file_header(ZZIP_DISK* disk, 
                                 struct zzip_disk_entry* entry);

guidod@gmx.de 2005